Irregular And Heavy Periods Specialist

Melinda M. Martin, M.D.

OB-GYN located in Prescott, AZ & Prescott Valley, AZ

Irregular and heavy periods can be painful and inconvenient. Dr. Melinda Martin of Melinda M. Martin, MD, in Prescott and Prescott Valley, Arizona, is an expert at diagnosing the causes of heavy and irregular periods. She is the longest-practicing female board certified OB/GYN in Prescott, with experience and compassion for helping women of all ages with every aspect of their gynecological health and well-being. Call to schedule an appointment today.

Irregular and Heavy Period Q & A

by Melinda M. Martin, M.D.

What causes irregular and heavy periods?

There are a number of reasons you could be suffering from heavy, painful, or irregular periods. Heavy bleeding, a condition called menorrhagia, can be the result of any of the following:

  • Hormone imbalances of estrogen and progesterone
  • Irregular ovulation
  • Fibroid tumors in your uterus
  • Uterine polyps (small benign growths)
  • Side effects of medications
  • A variety of medical conditions, infections, or complications
  • An abnormal pregnancy

How do I know if I have menorrhagia?

Symptoms of heavy periods may include:

  • The need to change tampons or pads multiple times an hour for several hours
  • Bleeding for longer than a week
  • Restricted daily activities because of excessive bleeding
  • Fatigue or low energy
  • Abdominal pain and cramping
  • Dizziness
  • Anemia

When should I seek medical treatment for heavy periods?

At the minimum, you should have a yearly gynecological exam. However, if you have bleeding or spotting during any of the following circumstances, schedule an appointment as soon as possible so Dr. Martin can evaluate your symptoms and recommend treatment:

  • Bleeding between regular periods
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding while pregnant
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Severe pain
  • Fever during your period

How are irregular periods treated?

Depending on what’s causing your heavy, painful, or irregular periods, Dr. Martin prescribes an effective treatment plan. In some cases, you may need to take iron supplements if you have anemia, or oral contraceptives to regulate your periods. At your exam, Dr. Martin does a physical exam and possibly a blood test to determine if you have any abnormalities like anemia, blood clotting disorders, or a thyroid issue.

She may also do a Pap test, in which she collects a small sampling of cells from your cervix to be tested for an infection or inflammation. She may want to do an ultrasound of your ovaries and uterus or a biopsy from the tissue inside your uterus. All of these tests can help determine the cause of your painful or irregular periods.

Once Dr. Martin determines what’s causing your specific condition, she may prescribe medications, birth control pills, or contraceptive implants. If medication is not effective in reducing heavy bleeding during your period, several surgical options exist to help you get relief. If you are concerned about painful, irregular, or heavy periods, call to schedule an appointment today.